In a study conducted via in-depth interviews of Indian workers who were targets of workplace bullying, organizational behavior professors Premilla D’Cruz and Ernesto Noronha (article link here) concluded that human resources managers created “an environment in which bullying remains unchallenged, allowed to thrive or actually encouraged in an indirect way….”
They found that seeking redress for bullying via HR “adversely affects both the bullying situation and targets’ coping.” HR “operates as one-sided managerialism” that “privileges employer organizations’ interests” instead of serving as a mediating mechanism that “engages employers and employees together in the employment relationship.”
Role of labor unions
D’Cruz and Noronha challenged the notion that HR’s presence in the modern company creates a mediating presence that diminishes the need for labor unions, concluding that “Bullying is less likely to occur and is more likely to be tackled when it does occur if there is a strong and well organized trade union presence at the workplace….”
I’d like to think that the late John Kenneth Galbraith, celebrated economist and one-time U.S. ambassador to India, somewhere is nodding his head in agreement. In the 1950s, Galbraith wrote that organized labor exercised “countervailing power” in the battle over division of profits. My guess is that he would concur that labor’s presence makes a difference with working conditions as well.
In the U.S.
These findings from India echo ongoing concerns about the current role of HR with respects to employment disputes in the U.S. This blog has raised questions about HR’s role in resolving employment disputes generally and in handling bullying complaints. The state of the law with regard to workplace bullying plays into this. As I wrote in a recent post on the HR-friendliness of the Healthy Workplace Bill, the absence of legal protections against bullying:
…means that managers who bully workers can leverage HR’s assistance in targeting another employee for mistreatment. At organizations rife with bullying, HR often becomes complicit in the abuse. Too many HR professionals become accomplices in bullying situations by doing management’s dirty work, such as firing a bullied worker as the final step of abuse.
Passage of the Healthy Workplace Bill would help conscientious HR professionals oppose workplace bullying and refuse to take part in efforts to bully a target out of a job, promotion, or raise.
This blog also has identified American labor unions as potentially valuable stakeholders in opposing workplace bullying. This includes supporting the Healthy Workplace Bill and negotiating contract provisions covering workplace bullying.
The D’Cruz and Noronha study appeared in the May 2010 issue of The Qualitative Report and can be downloaded here.
Hat tip: Gary Namie