The Northeastern University Law Journal has published my law review article, “The Legal and Social Movement Against Unpaid Internships.” It offers a comprehensive overview and assessment of major legal, policy, and advocacy developments concerning unpaid internships during the past six years, including the signature Glatt v. Fox Searchlight Pictures, Inc., lawsuit for back wages in unpaid internships, which culminated in a recent decision by the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
I posted the original version of this article some three years ago. However, by mutual agreement with the journal’s editors, we postponed a final version and publication to cover developments in the Glatt litigation. Here is the updated abstract:
Until very recently, the legal implications of unpaid internships provided by American employers have been something of a sleeping giant, especially on the question of whether interns fall under wage and hour protections of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and state equivalents. This began to change in 2013, when, in Glatt v. Fox Searchlight Pictures, Inc., a U.S. federal district court held that two unpaid interns who worked on the production of the movies “Black Swan” and “500 Days of Summer” were owed back pay under federal and state wage and hour laws. Although the decision would be vacated and remanded by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 2015, the door to challenging unpaid internships remains open, thanks in part to this litigation.
This Article examines and analyzes the latest legal developments concerning internships and the growth of the intern rights movement. It serves as an update to a 2002 article I wrote on the employment rights of interns, David C. Yamada, The Employment Law Rights of Student Interns, 35 Conn. L. Rev. 215 (2002). Now that the legal implications of unpaid internships have transcended mostly academic commentary, the underlying legal and policy issues are sharpening at the point of application. Accordingly, Part I will examine the recent legal developments concerning internships, consider the evolving policy issues, and suggest solutions where applicable.
In addition, the intern rights movement has emerged to challenge the widespread practice of unpaid internships and the overall status of interns in today’s labor market. Thus, Part II will examine the emergence of a movement that has both fueled legal challenges to unpaid internships and engaged in organizing activities and social media outreach surrounding internship practices and the intern economy.
This article grew out of my presentation at the March 2013 Northeastern University Law Journal symposium on employee misclassification. By mutual agreement with the journal editors, we postponed publication of the article to allow for further resolution of the Glatt litigation.
I believe this constitutes the most comprehensive, informed examination of recent developments on this topic in the current law review literature. You may freely download a pdf copy from my Social Science Research Network page.